November — Listopad
“So listen to them, heed them:
Who never touch the earth, can never be in heaven.”
— Adam Mickiewicz, “Forefather’s Eve.”
All Saints Day
Casimir Pulaski joins U.S. forces.
All Soul’s Day
Dzien Zaduszny or Zaduszki. A
national holiday in Poland to memorialize the deceased.
1944. Nazis begin gassing inmates at Auschwitz in Occupied Poland.
1806. Greater Poland Uprising begins
First regular broadcast of the weekly Fr. Justin Rosary Hour, now the oldest Polish language radio program in the United States.
1937. Birth of actress Loretta Swit (M*A*S*H).
1370. Death of Kazimierz III the Great (b. 1330).
1657. Signing of the Treaty of Bydgoszcz
1867. Birth of Marie Sklodowska Curie (d. 1934) in Warsaw
1632. Election of Władysław IV Vasa
1914. Joseph A. Rozan appointed Polish interpreter to the Supreme Court.
1842. Birth of Blessed Frances Siedliska, foundress of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth.
St. Stanislaus Kostka
1990. Signing of German-Polish Border Treaty
1916. Death of Henryk Sienkiewicz, 70, Polish novelist (“Quo Vadis”), 1905 Nobel
literature prize winner.
1794. General Tomasz Wawrzecki (1753–1816) surrenders to Russian troops, marking the end of
the Kosciuszko Uprising, which began March 24.
1891. Ignacy Paderewski gives his first concert in America.
1655. Swedes besiege the Jasna Gora monastery.
1438. Death of sculptor Wit Stwosz.
1815. Krakow declares itself a free republic.
1920. Birth of Stan Musial, famed baseball star with the St. Louis Cardinals.
1227 Assassination of Leszek I the White
Abdication of the last king of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
1961. “Pic-a-Polka” live television show premiers on WGR TV Channel 2
N.Y.; with host Joe Macielag.
1939. Death of Gabriel Sovulewski (b. 1866), builder of hundreds of miles of tourist routes in
California’s Yosemite National Park.
1561. Signing of Wilno Pact.
St. Andrew’s Eve
Andrzejki brings a fortune
telling for mostly unmarried young ladies. Rituals predict which female in the household will get married next or help to describe the man they will marry.