January Q Styczeń
“Life is God’s novel, so let him write it.”
— Isaac Bashevis Singer
New Year’s Day
Happy New Year!
1795. The Third Partition of the Lithuanian Polish Republic was made between Russia and Austria.
1173. Death of Bolesław IV the Curly.
Feast of Three Kings
1882. Death of Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz, built the world’s first oil refinery.
The Treaty of Radzin ended a five year war between the Turks and the allied countries of Russia and Poland.
Jan Henryk Dabrowski (inset) organizes his legion in Italy, and thus honored by having his name included in the Polish National Anthem.
1386. Wladyslaw Jagiello crowned King of Poland.
1945. The Red Army opened an offensive in South Poland, crashing 25 miles through the German lines.
1581. The city of Riga joined the Polish-Lithuanian union.
1797. In St. Petersburg, Russia, Prussia and Austria signed and act that terminated the
1890. Birth of swing and jazz drummer Gene Krupa.
1734 Coronation of August III the Saxon.
1401. In Lithuania, Vytautas and the country’s dukes submitted documents to Poland that
Vytautas would rule Lithuania as a vassal to Poland and return the country to Poland upon his death.
1945. The Red Army captures Lodz, Krakow, and Tarnow.
1320. Wladyslaw I Lokietek (Ladislaus the Short) crowned King of Poland.
1268. Pope Clement IV gave permission to Poland’s King Premislus II to take over Lithuania
and establish Catholicism.
1863. The January Uprising against the Russian Empire. It began this day in 1863, and lasted
until the last insurgents were captured in 1865.
1793. Second Partition of Poland.
1931. The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper
1913. Birth of pianist and composer Witold Lutoslawski.
Poland joined the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.
1736. Stanislaw Lesheinski gives up the Polish-Lithuanian throne.
1886. Artur Rubinstein, pianist, was born in Lodz, Poland.
1846. Birth of Karol Olszewski, scientist who liquified gases.
1717. Surrounded by the Russian army, the Lithuanian-Polish parliament reduced its army by half
and acknowledged Russian protection.
1981. Lech Walesa announced an accord in Poland, giving labor Saturdays off.