December - Grudzien
1945. Premier of Stanislaw Moniuszko opera “Verbum Nobile,” in Warsaw.
1899. Founding of the Polish Beneficial Association, Philadelphia.
Let everyone remember: as (the weather on) St. Barbara’s Day, so the holidays.
1925. Death of Nobel laureate Wladyslaw S. Reymont.
Today is traditionally reserved for gift-giving in Poland.
1914. German troops overrun Łódź.
1279. Death of Bolesław V the Chaste
Shipyard electrician and Solidarity Trade Union leader Lech Walęsa elected president of Poland.
1779. Birth of Alexander Zakrzewski (d. 1863), Polish-American lithographer who drew one of the
first plans of San Francisco.
1570. Signing of the Treaty of Stettin concludes the Northern Seven Years’ War
1575. Election of Stefan Bátory (1533–1586). Batory was Voivode of Transylvania
(1571–76), Prince of Transylvania (1576–86), from 1576 Queen Anna Jagiellon’s husband and jure uxoris King of Poland. Many historians consider him to be one of the greatest
of the elected Kings of Poland.
1929. Birth of Cardinal Jozef Glemp.
1852. Birth of Polish Jewish scientist A.A. Michelson, 1907 Nobel Prize winner in Physics..
1982. Death of Chopin advocate and pianist Arthur Rubinstein.
1898. In Paris, Marie, 31, and Pierre Curie discover radium.
1959. Death of actress Gilda Grey (Maryanna Michalska), popular actress of the 1920s.
St. John Kanty (Cantius). 1473.
Birth of first Polish American astronaut, Karol Bobko.
Health and good fortune this Vigil!
1025. Coronation of Mieszko II Lambert
1655. Swedes withdraw from Poland.
St. John the Evangelist
1587. Coronation of Sigismund III Waza
1966. Celebration of the Polish Millennium of Christianity.
1994. Consecration of Bishop John W. Yanta, D.D., at Panna Maria. He is the first Polish American
Texan given this honor.
The People’s Republic of Poland becomes the Republic of Poland.